Human Rights and Security
Voluntary Principles on Security and Human Rights
The Voluntary Principles on Security and Human Rights (the Voluntary Principles) were established in 2000 as a result of multi-stakeholder dialogue among governments, companies in the extractive industries, and NGOs. The Voluntary Principles recognize the importance of promoting and protecting human rights throughout the world. They also recognize the constructive roles that business and civil society – including NGOs, labour unions and local communities – can play in advancing these goals. The issue of balancing human rights and security is of particular concern in areas associated with conflict and alleged abuses.
In 2013, we implemented a new training program on the Voluntary Principles. In coordination with our partner Fund for Peace and Monkey Forest Consultants, in 2013, Goldcorp held a Training Workshop on the Voluntary Principles on Security and Human Rights in Mexico City. The workshop was attended by Security and Community Relations personnel from our operations in Argentina, Chile, Guatemala and Mexico.
In 2013, our Marlin mine in Guatemala and our three mines in Mexico (Peñasquito, El Sauzal and Los Filos) implemented practices aligned with the Voluntary Principles. Increased implementation will take place in coordination with the application of the World Gold Council’s (WGC) Conflict-Free Gold Standard in Mexico. Red Lake also undertook human rights training for security personnel in Canada. In 2013, 70% of security personnel (including security contractors) received some form of human rights training.
In addition, Goldcorp security operations prepare threat analyses in order to ensure that only proportional security measures are implemented. When local conditions require us to deploy armed staff, careful consideration is given to this deployment and additional safety measures and training are implemented.
At Marlin and Cerro Blanco, all security personnel are required to undergo annual training in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and to sign a form indicating that they have received the requisite training and will comply with our human rights requirements. The security contractors include human rights training in their new employee orientation. All security staff receive at least one pre-shift briefing per month on the use of force and firearms. These issues are also reinforced as part of the biannual firearms training. Company security supervisors provide ongoing training and refresher classes. Non-compliance with our human rights requirements is not tolerated.
Goldcorp has been working with Guatemalan government ministers and senior personnel from the police force and military to implement a system in which requests for support from public security must be provided by Goldcorp in writing with an explanation of the intended use of the material aid requested. The goal of this system is to provide assurance that when Goldcorp requests public security presence in the communities around our sites, such support includes compliance with human rights provisions, monitoring, and adherence to the Voluntary Principles. The Marlin security department conducts community visits each month with local officials in order to keep them informed of our activities and maintain support for the presence of public security forces.
Frequent turnover in public security personnel is an ongoing challenge, but Goldcorp sees this as an opportunity for training activities to reach a wider audience. For example, the military contingent that guards the explosives magazines at our Marlin mine undergoes a monthly rotation of personnel. All new personnel receive security staff induction training which includes information on our Human Rights Policy and the Voluntary Principles. In this manner, Goldcorp trains army personnel who are then in turn rotated to different posts across the country. While it is difficult to quantify the number of military personnel trained, we can estimate that over the past five years, the number is substantial.
Life Cycle Analysis
Life Cycle Analysis is a systematic technique for identifying and evaluating the potential economic, environmental, health and safety, and social impacts associated with a product or function throughout its entire life, from extraction of raw materials to its eventual disposal and assimilation into the environment.
The supply chain for gold is highly complex, which is increasingly recognized by industry associations, regulators and other stakeholders. One of the key trends in the industry has focused on how the life cycle of precious minerals can interact with global conflicts and potentially impact human rights. For example, Section 1502 of the US Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform Act includes provisions with implications for supply chain responsibility and mandates requirements for disclosure on use of “conflict minerals” from the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). Furthermore, the London Bullion Market Association (LBMA) has developed the Responsible Gold Guidance to avoid contributing to conflict, human rights abuses, terrorist financing practices, and money laundering. This framework is mandatory for all refiners wishing to sell into the London Bullion Market.
The World Gold Council (WGC), the industry’s key marketing body, has recognized that in some circumstances, gold may represent a potential source of funding for armed groups involved in civil conflicts throughout the world. In October 2012, the WGC published the Conflict-Free Gold Standard, which establishes a common approach by which gold producers can assess and provide assurance that their gold has been extracted in a manner that does not cause, support or benefit unlawful armed conflict or contribute to serious human rights abuses or breaches of international humanitarian law. As a member company, Goldcorp supported the WGC’s efforts in developing the standard, which was designed to apply to WGC members and other companies involved in the extraction of gold.
In 2013, Goldcorp implemented the Conflict-Free Gold Standard and confirmed that all gold and gold-bearing material produced at our mining operations has the appropriate systems and controls in place to conform to the World Gold Council’s Conflict-Free Gold Standard. Conformance with the Standard was subject to independent assurance.
It is important to note that Mexico is the only country where Goldcorp operates that has areas considered to be “conflict-affected or high risk” (according to the Heidelberg Conflict Barometer), and therefore our Mexico sites – El Sauzal, Los Filos and Peñasquito – were the only sites required to implement all parts of the Conflict-Free Gold Standard.
Highlights of Goldcorp’s implementation of the Conflict-Free Gold Standard in 2013 in Mexico include:
- Implementation of practices aligned with the Voluntary Principles on Security and Human Rights.
- Risk-based due diligence procedures for suppliers, doré bar transport providers and security providers.
- Enhancement of site risk assessments to identify key risk points for loss of product and mitigation controls.
For a copy of Goldcorp’s 2013 Conflict-Free Gold Report and more information on the background and structure of the Standard, please visit www.goldcorp.com or click the link under Attachments on this page.